SCIENCE SPOTLIGHT

Cancer Leading Cause of Death Among HIV-Infected Patients in France: 2000 – 2010

National surveys were used to assess the distribution and characteristics of malignancy related deaths among HIV patients in 2010, and compared them to 2000 and 2005. Cancer is the leading cause of mortality in the HIV infected patients studied. The risk of malignancies, including non-AIDS-related cancers, is higher in HIV patients than in the general…Continue Reading

Knowledge Gaps Need to Be Addressed for Optimal ART Uptake in Women

A randomized control trial assessed HIV knowledge, treatment, beliefs and attitude of women who had previously received PMTCT (prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission) [PMTCT] and were about to commence ART. Of the 320 women studied, mean age was 33, 106 had previously received PMTCT, while 214, had never received ART. Using multivariate linear regression analysis, higher HIV insights was…Continue Reading

Comparing Social Networks of Urban and Rural Older Adults Living with HIV

This study conducted an integrative review of 29 articles to assess and compare emerging themes in the social network component of rural versus urban-dwelling older people living with HIV (OPLWH). Themes discovered in both rural and urban-based literature were similar, and revealed perceived lack of social networks and social support, heightened stigma, fragmented social support,…Continue Reading

Total Mortality Decreases as Cardiovascular Mortality Increases in All HIV Infected Adult Males and Only in Black Females

In a 2016 study researchers examined patterns of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality for HIV-infected adults between 1999-2013. Total and proportionate cardiovascular disease mortality in HIV-infected adults was compared to the general population and those with another chronic inflammatory condition, inflammatory polyarthroplasty.  Total mortality in HIV-infected men and women decreased from 15,739 to 8,660. CVD mortality…Continue Reading

Review: Brief Aerobic Exercise and/or Resistance Training Improves Cardiorespiratory Status, Strength, Body Composition, Depressive Symptoms, QOL in HIV-Infected Adults

A recent systematic review examined the safety and effectiveness of aerobic exercise interventions on several health outcomes in HIV-infected adults. This was an update of a previous systematic 2010 review of 14 studies. Authors searched 11 databases for studies published between 2009 and April 2013. Randomized controlled trials of HIV-infected adults that compared aerobic exercise…Continue Reading