SCIENCE SPOTLIGHT

Comparing Social Networks of Urban and Rural Older Adults Living with HIV

This study conducted an integrative review of 29 articles to assess and compare emerging themes in the social network component of rural versus urban-dwelling older people living with HIV (OPLWH). Themes discovered in both rural and urban-based literature were similar, and revealed perceived lack of social networks and social support, heightened stigma, fragmented social support,…Continue Reading

Total Mortality Decreases as Cardiovascular Mortality Increases in All HIV Infected Adult Males and Only in Black Females

In a 2016 study researchers examined patterns of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality for HIV-infected adults between 1999-2013. Total and proportionate cardiovascular disease mortality in HIV-infected adults was compared to the general population and those with another chronic inflammatory condition, inflammatory polyarthroplasty.  Total mortality in HIV-infected men and women decreased from 15,739 to 8,660. CVD mortality…Continue Reading

Review: Brief Aerobic Exercise and/or Resistance Training Improves Cardiorespiratory Status, Strength, Body Composition, Depressive Symptoms, QOL in HIV-Infected Adults

A recent systematic review examined the safety and effectiveness of aerobic exercise interventions on several health outcomes in HIV-infected adults. This was an update of a previous systematic 2010 review of 14 studies. Authors searched 11 databases for studies published between 2009 and April 2013. Randomized controlled trials of HIV-infected adults that compared aerobic exercise…Continue Reading

Study of 25,000 HIV Infected Veterans, 75% Older Adults, Finds Significant Health Disparities

In a retrospective sub study using the Veterans Administration (VA) database, the authors looked at health disparities in the treatment of common comorbidities among HIV-infected veterans. It is known that health disparities exist between black and non-black HIV-infected patients; blacks are less likely to be in care, to receive ART and to have viral load…Continue Reading